The Maya

Discover the fascinating connection that Stratford-upon-Avon Butterfly Farm has to the rainforests of Belize and the ancient Maya civilisation (Maya, pronounced My-a). Their artefacts have been replicated and are on display throughout the Butterfly Farm. Many of the beautiful butterflies you see at our butterfly farm are supplied by the Fallen Stones Butterfly Farm in the Maya Mountains of Belize. This area, where both the ancient Maya and the present-day Maya come from, is just the right environment for the plants that are required for tropical butterflies to feed and breed upon. Most of the people who work at the Fallen Stones Farm are Kekchi Maya. It is named after the Late Classic (AD 600-900) Maya site of Lubaantun (the place of the fallen stones), which is right on its doorstep.

Olmec Head

The Olmec people were an advanced civilisation that predated the Maya by around 1500 years. They created colossal heads that the ancient Maya would have seen in their lifetime and can still be seen today.

 

 

Hallucinogenic Mushrooms

Stone sculptures with mushroom heads have been found in the Maya site of Kaminaljuyu, Guatemala, along with grinding implements. It may have been that the ancient Maya ground hallucinogenic mushrooms and used them in a beverage as part of a ritual ceremony! You can find several examples of these mushroom stones throughout the butterfly farm.

 

 

An Incredible Civilisation

The Maya were an incredible civilisation that developed built spectacular pyramids within the harsh environment of the Mesoamerica rainforests, without the use of metal tools, the wheel and pack animals. They were the only civilisation in the Americas to develope a fully-fledged writing system and their creation of the number zero allowed them to develop complex calendars, enabling them to become excellent astronomers, charting the movement of the sun, moon and stars.

 

 

 

 

Celestial Gods and the Great Ball Game

Dwarfs were thought of as a connection to the celestial Gods, and were givers of good advice to their rulers. They formed a link between ball games the underworld and the sky. Football was very important to the Maya. The aim was to hit a heavy rubber ball through a hoop using mainly your hips. If you won you were sacrificed to the Gods!

 

 

 

Lady K'abel

Lady K’abel, also known as Lady Snake Lord or Lady Water Lily Hand, was the military ruler of the Wak kingdom. She ruled as a supreme warrior between AD 672 and 692, having a higher authority than her husband, K’inich Bahlam, the king!

 

 

 

 

Maya Nobility

This noble man from Jaina Island is showing his wealth and noble status with his ornate headdress and jewellery

 

 

 

Fantastic Farmers

The Maya were able to farm within the harsh constraints of the rainforests and grew crops such as maize, chilli pepper, avocado and pineapple. More importantly they discovered the cacao pod, we have the Maya to thank for giving us the delight of delicious chocolate!